The term “Nikkah” is Arabic, meaning “marriage”, and is regarded as a religious ceremony in which the bride and groom agree to become a couple. Marriage in Islam requires at least one presenter, bride and groom, and two witnesses to be present.
“In Islam, the marriage between the bride and groom is a legal contract, known as Nikkah. The Nikkah ritual is part of a few steps of the marriage arrangement that the Islamic tradition considers ideal.
The husband gives the “Mahr” gift to his wife at the time of marriage or at a later agreed time. According to the tradition of the Prophet (pbuh), Mahr’s value should be moderate rather than luxurious.
What is the Procedure of the Nikkah Ceremony?
The marriage ceremony itself is the place where the marriage contract is formally effective by signing documents, indicating that she has accepted her free will.
Although the document itself must be approved by the groom, the bride, the bride’s father, or another male family member, the bride’s consent must be obtained for marriage.
After a short sermon by a religiously qualified official, the couple formally became a couple by quoting the following short Arabic conversation:
The bride said, “An Kah’tu nafsaka a’lal mah’ril ma’loom” (“I agreed that Mahr dedicated himself to you in Nikkah.”)
The groom immediately said: “Qabiltun Nikaha”. (“I have accepted Nikkah.”)
If one or both parties cannot recite in Arabic, they can appoint a representative to recite for them. At that moment, the couple became husband and wife.
How Nikkah is performed?
In Islam, men are expected to formally propose to a woman or her entire family. Formal recommendations are considered acts of respect and dignity.
Before the Mahr ceremony, the groom agreed to give the bride money or other property. This is a binding gift, legally speaking, and the property of the bride. Mahr is usually money, but it can also be jewelry, furniture, or a house.
Mahr is usually stipulated in the marriage contract signed during the marriage process and is traditionally expected to have sufficient monetary value. If the husband dies or divorces, the wife can live a comfortable life. If the groom cannot afford Mahr, the father of the groom can pay.
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What is the Significance of Nikkah in Muslim?
In Islam, Nikkah is a marriage contract and is regarded as a sacred bond. The Qur’an calls this a “serious contract” because both parties have been given certain responsibilities to perform their responsibilities to God in good faith.
God recognizes that these actions are worthy of reward, so Muslims should work hard and make real efforts to establish a harmonious home with their spouse to obtain these easy and generous rewards.
If it is a woman, she still needs to get her wali (guardian) approval. A Muslim woman can only make nikkah with a Muslim man. A Muslim man may deal with a Muslim woman or a chaste woman in the book ahl kitab.
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What is the History of Nikkah in Islam?
Before the advent of Islam in the 7th century AD, there were various marriage customs. Currently, the most common and recognized types of marriage include agreement marriage, inheritance marriage, and “Mot’ a” marriage or temporary marriage.
In Mesopotamia, marriage is usually monogamous, except for members of the royal family, whose harem includes his wife and concubine. Satanic society followed Zoroastrianism. Although women required their consent in both marriage and divorce, women still regarded it as property in marriage.
According to sources in Islam, before the 7th century, most women had little control over marriage. They are rarely bound by marriage or custody of their children and rarely seek their consent.
Women are rarely allowed to divorce their husbands, and marriage or divorce does not consider their views. However, during the transition period from non-Islamic society to Islamic society, elite women can divorce.
There is no more stigmatized if remarrying. They have been given the power to negotiate the terms of marriage contracts and can even initiate divorce.
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What Reforms did Prophet Muhammad bring in Nikkah?
Muhammad reformed the laws and procedures of ordinary marriage practices that existed during his prophetic period. Reformed the “agreement of marriage (marriage by consent)” rule and formulated a set of strict rules and regulations.
The practice of “inheritance” is prohibited. Revealing several chapters and verses in the Qur’an prohibits this practice. According to the Arab Islamic Law, Islamic sources said that there are no restrictions on men’s rights to marriage or divorce.
Only one man is restricted to four wives at a time, not including concubine. The marriage system has been refined into a marriage system that makes women partners who are interested in some extent.
“For example, the dowry, which was previously regarded as a gift to the father, has become a wedding gift that the wife retains as part of his personal property.” According to Islamic law, marriage is no longer regarded as a “state”, not a “contract”. Now, the basic elements of a marriage contract are the proposal of a man, the acceptance of a woman, and the fulfillment of conditions such as payment of a dowry.
Women’s consent is required, whether given voluntarily or silently. Besides, the offer and acceptance must be made in the presence of at least two witnesses.
Married women have the right to obtain the husband’s food and clothing, although the husband has more rights over her:
“I forbid treating women kindly because they are with you, and you have no right to treat them otherwise unless they do Obvious acts of obscenity, otherwise, they should be thrown on the bed to beat them, but it will not cause harm or leave traces;
If they obey you, do not seek to annoy them. Your women have Rights. Your right to women is that they don’t allow people you don’t like to step on your bed, and don’t allow people you don’t like to enter your house
Is the Consummation of Marriage Post-Nikkah admissible in Islam?
From the technical point of view of Fijian language, when a man and a woman Islam, Kitab, or a marriage contract (different terms of the same custom) are concluded in Islam, they are considered a couple.
Allowing post-marriage marriage (rukhsati or wedding) to be postponed to a more convenient date without a specific time limit, as long as both of them agree until it suits their circumstances.
During this period between the Nikkah and Ruksati, couples are allowed to communicate with each other in a way that allows their husbands and wives to allow them, including when they are married.
However, if they do choose to be close to each other, the wife’s full rights should be borne by the husband, such as all dowry and her housing and custody rights.
Perfecting marriage is a small dispute between scholars. They all agree that having sex is a perfect definition, but then some scholars say that perfect privacy is enough, while others say that intimate contact in a way that is less than actual sex is minimal.
Some Fick rulings about non-religious customs such as marriage are culturally considered. Therefore, what the Nikkahs and Ruksatis accepted during that period was subject to the universal culture, the culture of the two families, and the actual agreement between the two parties.
Therefore, if the general culture needs absolute abstinence during this period, it should be maintained and respected.
In Islam, marriage Nikkaḥ is a legal contract between a man and a woman. Both the groom and the bride should agree to marry with their free will. Formal, binding contracts are regarded as part of a religiously valid Islamic marriage, outlining the rights and responsibilities of the bride and groom.
Islamic divorce can take many forms, some are executed by the husband himself, and some are executed by the religious court on behalf of the plaintiff’s wife, and the plaintiff’s wife wins the legal divorce application for legitimate reasons.
People Also Ask (FAQs)
What is a nikah ceremony?
The marriage contract is signed in a nikah ceremony, in which the groom or his representative proposes to the bride in front of at least two witnesses, stating the details of the Meher. The bride and groom demonstrate their free will by repeating the word qabul (“I accept,” in Arabic) three times.
What happens in a nikkah?
The actual Muslim wedding is known as a nikah. It is a simple ceremony, at which the bride does not have to be present so long as she sends two witnesses to the drawn-up agreement. Normally, the ceremony consists of reading from the Qur’an, and the exchange of vows in front of witnesses for both partners.
What is required for nikah?
A marriage is invalid without the consent of the Bride’s Wali. There also must be consent from both parties, the Bride and Groom must both agree and accept the marriage. And 2 witnesses, at least 2 people must witness the marriage contract. These are the requirements for a valid Nikah.
How do you perform a nikah ceremony?
To perform the nikah as a part of traditional Islamic marriage, start by obtaining an official marriage license from your local government. Then, find a mosque to hold the ceremony, an imam to perform it, and at least 2 adult Muslims to serve as witnesses.
Do Muslims wear wedding rings?
A wedding ring is not a traditional part of the religious Muslim wedding and wedding rings are not included in most Islamic countries. However, if a wedding ring is worn in an Islamic country, it may be worn on either the left (such as the custom in Iran) or the right ring finger (as in Jordan).