Whenever we are talking about Celtic powers and Celtic gods, the name of Lugh is taken before the majority of the deities. He is famous not only in Irish mythology but all around the world for his extraordinary skills and his tactics and wisdom.
Lugh is known as the son of Smith and an excellent craftsman of the Celtic mythology. He is the master of the skills of elements like fire, rare metals of the earth and also has the capability of molding various hard materials.
The Many Aspects of Lugh
According to Peter Beresford Ellis, the various Celtic gods held Smithcraft with very high regard. At that particular time that was considered to be a normal way of life and all the Smiths were considered to be having the magical gift of powers and wisdom.
All these people were able to master the skills of the element of fire and were also capable of moulding the metals of the earth using their special skills and strengths.
But it was mentioned in the various writings of Caesar that there was no reference is present regarding a Celtic equivalent of Vulcan who was the romance with God.
Talking about the early times of the Irish mythology, the Smith was called by the name of Goibhniu. He was also accompanied by two brothers for creating a triple God form.
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2/3 craftsman who was famous for making the weaponry and carried out the repairs on the behalf of him as the entire host of the Tuatha De Danann prepared for the war.
In the latter part of the Irish tradition, the Smith god was seen in the form of a master mason or even grade builder. In some of the legends, Goibhniu is believed to be the uncle of Lugh who has saved him from the monstrous Formorians and Balor.
Julius Caesar believed in the fact that most of the cultures worshipped the same gods and simply called them by their different names. In the Gallic War essays, she has enumerated the popular Gods of the Gauls and has also referred to them by what he saw as a corresponding Roman name.
So with all these references made to the Mercury, they attributed it to a God Caesar also called by the name of Lugus, who was Lugh. The cult of this particular God was entered in the Lungundum.
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This later became Lyin, France. This festival was celebrated on 1st of August and was also selected as the day of the feast of Augustus by the successor of Caesar, Octavian Augustus Caesar. It was also considered to be the most important holiday and all of Gaul.
Enters the Hall of Tara
In one of the famous Legend, it was mentioned that he entered at Tara, which was the Hall of the High Kings present in Ireland. The God who was standing at the door told him that only one person was allowed to go inside who had some particular skill.
One blacksmith, one wheelwright, one bard, etc. were allowed. He has unlimited all the great things which he was able to do and each time the guard said that they were sorry because they had already got someone at the particular place, he was able to do all the things.
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Finally, he asked the god that – but do you have anyone who can do all the things at a particular time. After listening to this he was allowed by the guard to enter the Hall of Tara.
Celebrating the Harvest of Grain
The famous book of invasions gives us the knowledge that he was associated with grain in the Celtic mythology after he held a harvest fair in the honour of his foster mother Tailtiu.
This particular day became famous and is celebrated on the 1st of August and that all the dates tie-in with the first grain harvest in the different agricultural societies present in the Northern hemisphere on earth.
In fact, in Irish mythology, the word which is used in the place of August is Lunasa. He is honoured with grains, bread, corn and other symbols related to the harvest.
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This particular holiday was famous by the name of Lughnasadh which is also pronounced as Loo-NA-sah. Later, the Christian England date became famous by the name of Lammas, which is celebrated after the Saxon phrase hlaf maesse, which is also known by the name of loaf mass.
An Ancient God for Modern Times
For many pagans and the Wiccans, he is honoured in the form of a champion of artistry and many skills.
Talking about the present time, the majority of the famous musicians, artisans, music bands crafters and bards like to invoke him when they want help and need assistance for becoming more creative.
In today’s world, he is honoured and considered to be the main reason behind harvesting and also the one who is the god of grain and not only as of the god of late summer storms.
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Even today the people who are living in the country of Ireland celebrate Lughnasadh by performing various dances, singing songs and enjoying the bonfires.
The various catholic churches also use this particular day for a ritual blessing of the fields of the farmers.
One God, Many Names
The Irish mythology has various Gods and Goddesses which are considered to be the part of the various happenings of the present, the past and the future.
The various tribes believe in their patron deities and within a region, they might be associated with various gods who are living in particular locations or landmark.
Taking an example, a God who has watched over a particular river or mountain might only be recognised by the various tribes who are living in a particular region.
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Hewas a very versatile good who was honoured all around the globe by the various Celtic gods. The Gaulish Lugos is connected to the Irish God Lugh who is farther connected to the Welsh Llew Llaw Gyffes.
Weapons and War of Lugh
One cannot term and argument specifically wars with God but he was famous as a skilled warrior. He used the weapons which included a mighty magic spear which was considered to be so bloodthirsty that it often tries to find out even with its owner.
An Irish myth which is very famous is that in a battle this particular spear flashed fire and tore through the enemy group.
In some parts of Ireland, when a thunderstorm comes in, the local people say that Lugh and Balor are having a fight which has resulted in this particular Storm. This has given him another name as the god of the storms.
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The Book of Invasions
The early history of the country of Ireland is recorded in the book of invasions which recounts all the times when the country of Ireland was conquered by the foreign enemies.
According to The Chronicles, which are stated in this particular book, he was the grandson of one of the most famous Fomorians which was a monstrous race who are considered to be the enemy of Tuatha De Danann.
The grandfather of Lugh, the Balor of the evil eye was told that he would be murdered by his grandson which resulted in the imprisonment of his only daughter in a cave.
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One of the Tuatha tried to seduce her which resulted in giving birth to triplets. Balor drowned two of them but he was able to survive and then was raised by a Smith. He later led the Tuatha in different battles and killed Balor.
Because of these battles, he is regarded as one the strongest and the bravest Celtic god of the Irish mythology.
Lugh is the Celtic craftsman god who is compared many times with the Roman God Mercury. He is considered to be one of the most important gods in the Celtic Irish mythology.
His importance has been explained to the people time and again by Julius Cesare himself. He was not considered to be a war god and was little different from the Roman God Mercury in this particular sense.
People Also Ask (FAQs)
With which Roman god is Lugh compared very frequently?
He is compared with the majority of the time with the Roman Celtic god Mercury because they share a similar style of thinking. Also, the set of powers which they have is quite similar.
Who are the other Celtic Gods apart from Lugh?
Some other famous Celtic gods include Ana or Danu/Dana – The Primordial Goddess of Nature, Dagda – The Cheerful Chief of Gods, Aengus (Angus) /Aonghus – The Youthful God of Love and Mórrígan – The Mysterious Goddess of Fate.
Which God is considered to be the most powerful Celtic God?
Out of all the Celtic gods, Cernunnos is considered to be the most powerful god because he is the one who can control the forests, animals, fertility and also the wealth of the individuals.