Beltane Folklore, History and Celebrations

Beltane commemorates life. It represents the peak of spring and the beginning of summer. Earth energy is the strongest and most active. Strong fertility has broken the lives of all people.

Beltane is a cross season, marking the midpoint of spring and it also means fire. In the earth’s traditions, it represents the symbolic marriage of God and Goddess & their eternal embrace.

The celebration of this event begins on or near the last night of April and continues until May 1. At this point in the “Wheel of the year,” potential has become a concept.

It celebrates the new life that will emerge during this seasonal transition.

It has been hundreds of years in Europe, and the celebrations now have been accepted by pagans, who light bonfires, dance, and perform rituals on the occasion.

What is Beltane?

It comes from Gaelic, meaning “bright flame”. But many earth-based cultures have held the Spring Festival at this time, which is called many different things.

What is Beltane
What is Beltane?

For the Gal Celts (people living in Ireland, Scotland, and the Isle of Man), it is celebrating the start of the fire festival in the summer.

This holiday is a celebration to commemorate the sacred balance between men and women.

Read: Why God Punish the Snake for Telling the Truth to Adam and Eve?

After a long and indifferent separation, Lord and Lady have matured and can now unite together to give birth to a new life, thoughts, passions, plans, and a beautiful expression of unrestrained sensuality.

It recognizes the fertility, abundance, gender, and growth of all beautiful things on earth. It is full of hedonism, full of richness, fertility, fire, and fun.

All the symbols of the eve are stimulating until the ritual way in which the Beltane fire is usually ignited – bumping two pieces of wood together, rubbing & sanding until the sparks fly.

What is the History of the Festival?

For centuries, various cultures have celebrated the eve on May Day. Around this time, the ancient Romans observed the god of flowers celebrate their god of flowers.

What is the History of the Beltane
What is the History of the festival?

This is a time to commemorate many gods related to the eve, such as the god of the forest, the goddess of passion and motherhood, and many agricultural gods around the world.

Read: Zodiac Signs and Elements Relationship

Gods such as Cernuous and Artemis, as well as the mythical figures of the Green Man, have played an important role in the colorful history of the festival.

Besides, there are many legends and legends about how to become more fertile during this time-this applies not only to humans but also to the land itself.

According to ancient legends, the two have been separated all winter long, & their glorious reunion on the eve is celebrated with food, drink, & multi-colored maypoles to symbolize female energies wrapping themselves around the male form.

The whole world is full of vitality with new life and bright colors to celebrate the union of the divine female and the divine male.

Folklore of Beltane Eve

According to author Glennie Kindred in her book Sacred Celebrations has given folklore about the festival stating that traditionally all fires in the community were put out and a special fire was kindled for the eve.

Folklore of Beltane
Folklore of Beltane Eve

This was the Tein-Eigen, the need fire. People jumped the fire to purify, cleanse, and to bring fertility. Couples jumped into the fire together to pledge themselves to each other.

Read: Woodland Animals Totems Folklore

Cattle and other animals were driven through the smoke as protection from disease and to bring fertility. At the end of the evening, the villagers would take some of the Teineigen to start their fires afresh.

How is the festival Associated with Magic?

It is a good time to practice fertility magic, hoping to be productive when the harvest comes. Don’t forget that the garden can be one of the most amazing places in your life.

Start thinking about how to plan, create, and develop magical gardens, and how to create characteristic gardens, herb gardens, etc.!

What are the Rituals and Celebrations associated with the festival?

Consider practicing different rituals during the festival and adjust them so that a single practitioner or a small group of people can use them.

What are the Rituals and Celebrations associated with Beltane
What are the Rituals and Celebrations associated with Beltane?

You can commemorate the sacred woman through a goddess ceremony, or hold a family party to celebrate the bond between you and your relatives.

Use your creativity to make your sacred five-day style pillars from the discovered wood and rainbow-colored ribbons, and place quartz dots or another beautiful gem in your collection.

Quick read: Archangel Michael Origin, History and Folklore

Go outside and light the fire. If you want to go to a party like an ancient goddess, you can dance with your partner or friends. In ancient times, this was done naked after drinking a considerable amount of wine.

To be honest this will be more interesting! However, even the ritual of taming and dressing in a full fire can be very sacred and interesting.

If you are alone, you can perform a Beltane planting ceremony for the soldiers to incorporate the spirit of the season.

Finally, ask yourself (and the guide in meditation) what it will look like if the garden of mindfully blooms.

Imagine your thousand dreams, like flowers with colorful petals. What would your soul fire swallow you up in flames?

Visualize your firelight and blooming flowers in as much detail as possible, then set out to bring these visualizations to life. You exceed your imagination. If you want, it will come true.

Great Rites and Ritual Sex

In some (though not all) pagan traditions, sacred sexual behavior is part of spiritual practice, and the eve is an era in which some people perform great gifts or sexual intercourse.

Read: Maman Brigitte Folklore in Voodoo Religion

Many heretics have discovered that this sex is a way to increase energy, create magic, or engage in spiritual communication with a partner.

Bale Fire

The festival bonfire ceremony dates back to the early days of Ireland when the community ignited a huge bonfire during the event and shared burning logs to ignite the home.

Bale Fire
Bale Fire

The term “Beltane” may be a reference to “bale” fire. Also in Germany, during the eve, German pagans celebrated Walpurgisnacht, celebrating large campfires just like the Bonfire Festival.

Read: What are Wiccan Men or Male Witches?

Welcoming Faeries

In the traditions of pagans and Wiccans, it is believed that the veil between the earth and the wonderland became thinner and thinner on the eve. Lots of fairy tales have also linked the festival to mischievous monsters.

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Plant the flowers, herbs, and sacred plants of the festival season and welcome the wonderland to your garden. Butterflies are both mysterious and magical, and they are also connected to the magic world.

Celebrating the festival with Children

It’s history seems a little ugly because of the often poor jokes and sexual images to celebrate childbirth, but everyone, young and old, can celebrate the eve in many ways.

Celebrating Beltane with Children
Celebrating with Children

If you want to raise little pagans, try the following fun ways to embrace the festival season with your children. The family-rich ceremony is a good starting point.

What is the Significance of Handfasting in the festival?

Because it is the great wedding of the goddess and God, this is a popular time for pagan weddings or fasts. This is a traditional engagement ceremony of “one year and one day”.

What is the Significance of Handfasting in Beltane
What is the Significance of Handfasting in Beltane?

After that, the couple either choose to live together, or break up without being condemned.

Today, the length of time that has been promised has become the choice of the couple, and it is often for life.

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The handfasting ceremony is usually unique to the couple but includes common elements, and the most important thing is to exchange vows and rings (or symbols of their choice).

The act of fasting always involves both hands, and at some point during the ceremony, it involves the fasting (“knotting”) of two people as an eight-character and then releases the restraint.

This is done with red lines or ribbons. Tying hands together symbolizes the two people coming together, and unraveling means that they are united according to their free will.

Determine whether you want to perform a ceremonial handfasting, symbolic hands to represent your marriage with your partner, or an official one with a marriage certificate.

What is a Maypole dance?

Maypole is a popular and familiar image of May Day and Beltane. A phallic pole, usually made of birch, is inserted into the earth and represents the power of God.

What is a Maypole dance
What is a Maypole dance?

The wreath at the top of the Maypole represents the fertile goddess.

Its many ribbons and the subsequent weaving dances symbolize the spiral of life, as well as the union of the goddess and God, the union of the earth and the sky.

Read: Ophanim Angels Origin, History and Symbolism

Maypole dance is a long tradition, from Western Europe to South Asia and Latin America, people all over the world are celebrating this long tradition.

Consider holding your Maypole dance, which is decorated with a pole to represent a living tree and fertility. Men go one way, women go the other way, each holding a ribbon tied to a pole.

It’s colors are green, red, and white/silver. Green stands for growth, richness, and fertility. Red represents strength, vitality, passion, and vitality. White represents the power of cleansing and clearing and negative emotions.

What are the Famous trees associated with the festival?

There are few trees associated with the eve and has its spiritual significance associated with this festival. Let us look at the following trees to know more about the same.

Hawthorn Tree

Hawthorn is a very magical tree, one of the three trees of the Celtic Tree Alphabet (Fairy Triad), “Oak, Ash, and Thorns.” Traditionally, it started when the hawthorn bloomed in May.

It is a tree of sex and fertility, a classic flower that adorns Maypole. It is both worn and used to decorate Beltane’s houses.

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Birch Tree

Birches are regarded as female trees, and the spirits associated with birches are mostly goddesses of love and fertility. It was one of the first trees to show leaves in spring.

The Celtic goddess Eostre / Ostara in the spring is celebrated during the celebration and dances around and through the birch trees between the spring equinox and Beltane.

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Traditionally, birch branches are used to make large brooms (a new type of broom to clean). May columns are usually made of birch, and birch wreaths are gifts for lovers.

Rowan Tree

Rowan tree is a tree for protection and healing. Rowan’s branches were placed on the doors of Beltane’s house and barn to protect them from the movement of the fairy who woke up during hibernation.

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Small branches are also put on to protect themselves. Rowan berries have a small pentagonal five-pointed star at the bottom reminiscent of a five-pointed star.

How to decorate the Altar with crafts and creations?

With rich green and colors reflecting the spring flowers, an altar commemorating the season of Beltane is built.

How to decorate the Altar with crafts and creations
How to decorate the Altar with crafts and creations?

Incorporate a candle to indicate the Beltane fire. Nature’s fertility symbols such as horns, seeds, and flowers, as well as the goddess’ mother symbol, can make the altar more complete.

As it approaches, you can use many simple handicraft items to decorate your house. Start celebrating as early as possible with interesting flower crowns and the core decorations of the Maypole.

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You can do some meditation weaving for the garden or make fairy-sized furniture.

What are the Festival Prayers?

There is a lovely prayer in Gaelic, referred to as Am Beannachadh Bealltain (Beltane Blessing), which pays tribute to the Trinity of Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.

This is a much shorter version and has been adapted to a pagan friendly format.

Bless, O threefold true and bountiful,

Myself, my spouse, my children.

Bless everything within my dwelling and in my possession,

Bless the kine and crops, the flocks and corn,

From Samhain Eve to Beltane Eve,

With goodly progress and gentle blessing,

From sea to sea, and every river mouth,

From wave to wave, and base of waterfall.

Be the Maiden, Mother, and Crone,

Taking possession of all to me belonging.

Be the Horned God, the Wild Spirit of the Forest,

Protecting me in truth and honor.

Satisfy my soul and shield my loved ones,

Blessing everything and everyone,

All my land and my surroundings.

Great gods who create and bring life to all, I ask for your blessings on this day of fire.

Read: How to Write Your Own Magical Wiccan Spell?

What are the famous recipes for Beltane?

There is no pagan celebration without meals. For the eve, commemorate the fertile food of the earth.

Recipe for Famous Beltane Bread
Recipe for Famous Beltane Bread

Bake a green man cake to celebrate the fertility of the forests, mix a light early summer salad, and then put some traditional Scottish oatmeal in the oven.

Recipe for Famous Beltane Bread

  1. 3 Cups of Whole flour
  2. 500 ml of buttermilk
  3. 1 tsp Baking Soda
  4. 3 tbsp honey
  5. 3 tbsp Maple syrup
  6. 1 pack dried strawberries
  7. 3 drops vanilla essence
  8. 1 small beaten egg for glazing
  9. Brown sugar for sprinkling

Place strawberries and flour in a large bowl. Take a bite in the center, then pour buttermilk, mix maple syrup, honey, and vanilla extract, with a wooden spoon-if better, you can pour it into your hands.

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When mixing, feel the energetic Beltane energy and let it flow through your hands and then through your fingertips. When you mix, say:

“When we ignited the flames of Beltane, I made this bread with the sweet name of Love. The two halves merged into one, and Beltane’s dance now begins!”

Turn the dough onto a lightly floured plate and pat it in a circle. Use a sharp knife to gently cut the bread into two halves, representing the Lord & the Lady respectively. Glaze the beaten eggs and sprinkle sugar on top.

Bake in a moderate oven for about 20-25 minutes. After the bread cools, divide it in half along with the scratch.

Repeat the spell and tie it with the purple ribbon. Purple represents combination of red (in various forms of love) and blue (unity and harmony).


Beltane is a festival of fire. There are many ways to observe the festival, and some pagans also commemorated this event by paying tribute to their agricultural ancestors, who had celebrated it for centuries.

It is true, it should be, and it has always been. When celebrating this special day, let the colors of nature remind you of the bloom of love and the stagnation of time, and find space for lovers again.

May you find yourself, your spirit, your passion, and your twin spirit in the bale fire, it’s never too late to be what you want to be.

People Also Ask (FAQs)

Why do we celebrate Beltane?

It celebrates the union of the Goddess and the Green Man – the coming together of male and female energies to create a new life. Traditionally, fires were lit at the festival. The word itself originates from the Celtic God ‘Bel’, meaning ‘the bright one’, and the Gaelic word ‘teine’, meaning fire.

What does Beltane mean?

It is a Celtic word which means ‘fires of Bel’ (Bel was a Celtic deity). It is a fire festival that celebrates the coming of summer and the fertility of the coming year. Celtic festivals often tied in with the needs of the community.

Who is the goddess of Beltane?

It marks the return of vitality and passion of summer. Another common focal point of the rituals is the cauldron, which represents the Goddess. The Welsh goddess Creiddylad is connected with it often called the May Queen, she was a Goddess of summer flowers and love.

When was the last witch burned?

Anna Göldi. Anna Göldi (also Anna Göldin or Anna Goeldin, 24 October 1734 – 13 June 1782) was an 18th-century Swiss woman who was the last person to be executed in Europe for witchcraft. Göldi, who was executed by decapitation, has been called the “last witch” in Switzerland.

What do you eat with Beltane?

Aphrodisiacs and other romantic foods suit the eve’s celebrations that have a sensual theme. Consider serving almonds, asparagus, bananas, figs, nutmeg, oysters, pineapple, strawberries, truffles, and vanilla. Goats and cows are associated with the eve, making good choices for the meat course.