Basavanna Biography

Poetry has a lot of significance in the religion of Hinduism as it displays the qualities and the stories of the famous warriors, poets, kings, palaces, and other epic architecture which has been a popular part of Hinduism.

Basavanna was a famous philosopher, poet, and statesman in the 12th century who became popular because of his mesmerizing writing style and spreading social awareness among the people with the same.

The early life of Basavanna

The early life of Basavanna
The early life of Basavana

Basavanna was conceived in 1105 CE in the town of Basavan Bagewadi in the northern piece of Karnataka, to Madarasa and Madalambike, a Kannada Brahmin family committed to Hindu divinity Shiva.

He was named Basava, a Kannada type of the Sanskrit Vrishabha out of appreciation for the Nandi bull and the nearby Shaivism tradition.

Basavanna experienced childhood in Kudalasangama (northwest Karnataka), close to the banks of waterways Krishna and its feeder Malaprabha. Basava went through twelve years concentrating in the Hindu sanctuary in the town of Kudalasangama, at Sangameshwara then a Shaivite school of learning, most likely of the Lakulisha-Pashupata tradition.

Basavana wedded Gangambike, a cousin from his mom’s side. Her dad was the commonplace leader of Bijjala, the Kalachuri king. He started filling in as a bookkeeper to the court of the king. When his maternal uncle passed on, the ruler welcomed him to be the main priest. The lord additionally wedded Basava’s sister named Nagamma.

As the boss priest of the realm, Basavanna utilized the state depository to start social changes and strict development focussed on restoring Shaivism, perceiving and enabling monks who were called Jangamas.

One of the creative foundations he dispatched in the twelfth century, was the Anubhava Mantapa, a public get together and gathering, which pulled in people across different backgrounds, from far off terrains to transparently examine profound, monetary, and social issues of life.

He made verse in a nearby language and spread his message to the majority. His lessons and stanzas, for example, Káyakavé Kailása became popular.

Basavanna Roots in the Vedanta Philosophy

Basavanna Roots in the Vedanta Philosophy
Basavana Roots in the Vedanta Philosophy

Sripati, a Virasaiva researcher, clarified Basava’s way of thinking in Srikara Bhasya, utilizing the Vedanta Sutra, proposing Basava’s Lingayat religious philosophy to be a type of qualified nondualism, wherein the individual Atma is the group of God, and that there is no distinction among Shiva and Atma, Shiva is one’s Atma, one’s Atma is Shiva.

Sripati’s examination puts Basava’s perspectives in Vedanta school, in a structure nearer to the eleventh century Vishishtadvaita rationalist Ramanuja, then to Advaita thinker Adi Shankara. In any case, Sripati’s examination has been challenged by different researchers.

Legacy of Basavanna

Legacy of Basavanna
Legacy of Basavana

The Lingayats, otherwise called Virasaivas or Veerasaivas, customarily accept that Basava was the originator of their tradition. However, present-day grants depending on chronicled proof, for example, the Kalachuri engravings express that Basava was the twelfth-century artist logician who resuscitated and invigorated a generally existing tradition.

The people group he helped structure is otherwise called the Sharanas. The people group is to a great extent packed in Karnataka, however has relocated into different conditions of India just as abroad.

Towards the finish of the twentieth century, Michael gauges, one-6th of the number of inhabitants in the province of Karnataka, or around 10 million individuals, were Lingayat Hindus, or of the convention advocated by Basava.

Basava supported that each individual was equivalent, independent of rank and that all types of physical work were similarly important. Michael expresses that it wasn’t birth yet conduct that decided a genuinely holy person and Shaiva bhakta in the perspective on Basava and Sharanas community.

This, composes Michael, was additionally the situation of south Indian man, that it was “conduct, not birth” that decides the genuine man.

One contrast between the two was that Sharanas invited anybody, whatever occupation the person may have been conceived in, to change over and be reawakened into the bigger group of Shiva lovers and afterward receive any occupation the person needed.

Read More: Ratha Saptami Folklore and Symbolism

Basavanna in Hindu Traditions

Basavanna in Hindu Traditions
Basavana in Hindu Traditions

Basavanna is credited with joining assorted profound patterns during his time. Jan Peter Schouten states that Virashaivism, the development supported by Basava, tends towards monotheism with Shiva as the godhead, yet with solid attention to the solidarity of the Ultimate Reality.

Schouten calls this a combination of Ramanuja’s Vishishtadvaita and Shankara’s Advaita conventions, naming it Shakti-Vishishtadvaita, that is monism intertwined with Shakti beliefs.

A person’s profound advancement is seen by Basava’s custom as a six-stage Satsthalasiddhanta, which dynamically advances the person through a period of the lover, to a period of the expert, at that point period of the recipient of beauty, from that point Linga in life-breath, the period of giving up to the last phase of complete association of soul and god (freedom, Mukti).

Basava’s methodology is unique concerning Adi Shankara, states Schouten, in that Basava underscores the way of dedication, contrasted with Shankara’s accentuation on the way of information – an arrangement of monistic Advaita theory broadly examined in Karnataka in the hour of Basava.

Jessica Frazier et al. express that Basava established the frameworks of a development that assembled “Vedic with Tantric practice, and Advaitic monism with unreserved Bhakti devotionalism.”

Read: Yaganti Temple: Everything you need to know

Recognition and Monuments of Basavanna

Recognition and Monuments of Basavanna
Recognition and Monuments of Basavana
  • The then President of India Abdul Kalam inaugurated Basaveshwar’s statue on 28 April 2003 in the Parliament of India.
  • Basaveshwara is the first Kannadiga in whose honor a commemorative coin has been minted in recognition of his social reforms. The former Prime Minister of India, Dr. Manmohan Singh was in Bangalore, the capital of Karnataka to release the coins.
  • On 14 November 2015 The Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi inaugurated the statue of Basaveshwara along the bank of the River Thames at Lambeth in London.
  • Basava Dharma Peetha has constructed 108 feet tall statue of Basavanna in Basavakalyan.


Basavanna was one of the most influential and powerful philosophers and poets in Hinduism who showed the true meaning of love and righteousness to the people and spread social awareness regarding various taboos in society.

He has been registered in Indian mythology due to his invaluable contributions. People and the government of the country have made numerous statues and named places after him, in his honor.

People Also Ask (FAQs)

Why is Basavanna remembered in Hindu mythology?

Basavanna is remembered and is etched in Indian culture history because of his invaluable contribution to his poems, writings, and scriptures.

Is Basavanna famous in countries other than India?

Yes, Basavanna is very famous in many countries apart from India. One example of the same is that his statue was established on the banks of the River Thames, in London by Shri Narendra Modi.